Prescription drugs are becoming one of the most frequently abused substances, especially among teenagers. Painkillers are the most prevalent prescription drugs abused including oxycodone, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone. Painkillers are semi-synthetic opioids that mimic the effects of codeine and morphine. Prescribed for any type of moderate pain, these opioids are very addicting, and misuse may cause a fatal overdose. Another commonly abused type of prescription medication is benzodiazepine family. Benzodiazepines include alprazolam, lorazepam, and diazepam. These substances are sedatives and create a euphoric, mellow state of being. The final type of commonly abused prescription drug is amphetamines. Amphetamines are most commonly taken for ADHD including Ritalin and Adderrall.
The recent rise in prescription drug abuse has become an issue in many communities. Experts suggest there are several factors contributing to this rise. Many people, especially adolescents, believe that since these medications are prescribed legally they are harmless and safe to abuse. If taken as directed these drugs are generally harmless, but the effects of abuse are different for every individual. Another factor to the recent increase in prescription drug abuse is the availability of pills. Many teenagers are able to go to their parent's medicine cabinet and acquire drugs
, rather than go to a drug dealer. Finally, new prescription medications are regularly developed. The increase in supply and over-prescribing of medication has caused a surplus of prescription drugs in communities.
In some cases addicted individuals often find ways of forging prescriptions. This is one way of acquiring more of a drug than prescribed, and there are a few other methods in practice. The most common method of forging prescriptions is known as "doctor shopping." Doctor shopping is when an individual goes to several doctors in order to obtain several prescriptions. Not declaring to one doctor that you are already taking a medication is illegal. Another popular method of prescription forging is changing the amount of prescribed pills. When patients receive a prescription from a doctor, they may change the dose or the quantity of pills before giving it to the pharmacist. This is illegal because it is not what a licensed professional originally prescribed. People who are attempting to manipulate the system by forging prescriptions run the risk of criminal punishment, and may be suffering from the disease of addictionPrescription drug addiction
is a serious and life-threatening disease. In order to cease using such strong substances, prescription drug rehab is usually required. When an individual is abusing certain prescriptions, including benzodiazepines and opioids, medical detoxification is recommended. Without a medically supervised detox, the individual may go through extreme emotional and physical discomfort. Detox facilities provide staff that is equipped to aid the addict through the withdrawal process in the most painless way possible.
, a treatment center is highly suggested. Prescription drug rehab centers offer therapeutic services that may help the person find the underlying cause of their addiction. Through family and individual therapy, group counseling, and relapse prevention education, the recovering addict increases their chances of maintaining sobriety. After treatment, continuing care has also proven to be effective in treating prescription medication addiction.