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Common Types of
Psychological Treatment

Psychologists specialize in the study of human behavior and analyze interaction between the mind and the body. They focus in a more general manner on normal behavior and psychic processes. The leading method utilized by this niche of mental health professionals is psychotherapy, a process that involves talking. Comprehensive counseling is available for children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families, and more specifically in the form of individual, couple, or family therapy. Patients may avail themselves to a variety of counseling services, many of which are discussed below.

Why Is Psychotherapy Sought?

Each year, millions of Americans searching for therapeutic healing and guidance take a step in a new direction by consulting a psychologist. There is a common thread that runs through the collective human fabric and the end goal sought by prospective patients is almost always the same.

Individuals Who Partake in Psychotherapy Generally Seek:

  • Improved Physical health
  • Improved Emotional health
  • Self-confidence
  • A loving home
  • Fulfilling relationships
  • Personal and professional success
  • Material security
  • Internal peace

Whether seeking a depression psychologist or another type of therapist, specialized or otherwise, help is available at numerous venues including mental health centers, social service agencies, hospitals and schools to companies, private treatment centers and substance abuse recovery clinics.

Psychological Testing

Psychologists perform a variety of intelligence, personality, aptitude and performance tests, as well as psychological assessments and evaluations on both adults and adolescents. Psychologists also conduct neuropsychological evaluations for purposes of diagnosing or confirming the absence of impairments which adversely impact daily life and cognitive functioning.

Psychologists May Conduct Evaluations Several Disorders Including:

  • Dementia
  • Seizure conditions
  • Brain injury
  • Effects of long-term substance abuse
  • Strokes
  • Medical illnesses
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Learning disabilities


Psychologists Treat Several Conditions and Disorders Including:

  • Parenting issues
  • Depression
  • Stroke and head injury
  • Self esteem issues
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Soiling and bedwetting
  • Grief/loss
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  • Sexual problems
  • Family distress
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Child abuse and neglect
  • Behavioral problems
  • Dementia and memory-related difficulties
  • Mental retardation
  • Learning disabilities
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (A.D.H.D/A.D.D.)
  • Adjustment struggles following illness, unemployment, a divorce, or a loss
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Social inhibitions
  • School problems
  • Relationship conflicts
  • Marital discord
  • Addiction
  • Mood disorders
  • Gender identity issues
  • Sexual orientation issues
  • Chronic illnesses such as AIDS/HIV

Complementary and Specialized Services

Psychologists may be specialists in a particular therapeutic area, such as anxiety psychology, which typically addresses symptoms such as extreme tension and worry, concentration difficulty, lack of self-assurance, and restlessness.

Psychologists Provide Several Services Including:

  • Stress management skills
  • Coping skills development, which is particularly beneficial for individuals attempting to adjust to medical conditions or facing chronic fatigue or pain, trying to quit smoking, or struggling with a terminal illness in the family
  • Anger management skills
  • Career counseling and assessment
  • Social skills training
  • Coaching, which involves teaching clients to fix objectives and undo past blockage for purposes of reaping greater satisfaction in the personal and professional arena
  • Play therapy
  • Relaxation therapy
  • Behavioral consultation
  • Parental training
  • Pre-marital counseling on such issues as communication with in-laws, family-career balance, childhood experiences, nurturing, etc.
  • Trauma therapy, through the utilization of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), which teaches couples how to heal from past trauma that is interfering with their relationships, social interactions, career or goals
  • Rehabilitation services to patients suffering from cognitive conditions such as multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s
  • Couples/family therapy which enables couples to resolve intimacy issues and families to address relationship conflicts, among other things
  • Marital counseling or drug counseling
  • Crisis intervention
  • Court testimony

Types of Psychologists

Psychologists Fall Into Several Categories Including:

  • Clinical psychologists
  • Health psychologists
  • Neuropsychologists
  • Geropsychologists
  • Counseling psychologists
  • School psychologists
  • Industrial psychologists
  • Developmental psychologists

Psychologists typically hold either a master’s or a doctoral degree. Some choose to be board-certified, which means that they have satisfied standards and attained the highest academic level in their field. Finally, psychologists who are in private practice usually accommodate their patients by offering weekend and evening therapeutic sessions.

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