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Temazepam (Restoril)

Temazepam, under the brand name Resotril, is used on a short-term basis to treat insomnia. Like other benzodiaphines, Temazepam slows down activity in the brain, allowing sleep. It contains anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. It is a white, crystalline substance that is taken orally. Temazepam is extremely dangerous to take a few hours before to going to sleep. Temazepam results in quick sleep, and should be taken right before bed. Activities such as driving, and eating, under the influence of the drug may not be remembered and therefore, very dangerous to the user and people around them.

Temazepam first came into use in 1969, when its ability to aid insomnia was discovered. In sleep laboratory studies, Temazepam significantly decreased the number of nightly awakenings of patients with sleep disorders. By the 1980s, Temezepam became one of the largest prescribed hypnotics on the market. However, Tamazepam has been proven to disturb normal sleep patterns. If a person does not suffer from severe insomnia, Temazepam can be dangerous and extremely addicting and result in death. In 1993 a British study found Temazepam to have the highest numbers of deaths per million prescriptions amongst commonly used medications in the 1980s.

Side Effects during early use include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rash
  • Hives
  • Swelling of the face
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty breathing


As a benzodiazepine, Temazepam can be physically addicting. Chronic use of Temazepam leads to a rapidly developed drug tolerance. In usage longer than two weeks, Temazepam loses its effectiveness. Discontinued chronic use can result in benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Anti-psychotics increase the severity of withdrawal symptoms, and intensify convulsions. Withdrawal can result in seizures and death.


Symptoms of Temazepam overdose include:

  • Somnolence
  • Mental confusion
  • Hypotension
  • Respiratory depression
  • Impaired motor functions
  • Coma
  • Death

A 1995 Australian study found that Temazepam overdose is more likely to lead to coma than other benzodiazepine. This is due to a high toxicity level that can be explained by the receptor affinity and absorption rates between benzodiazepine. Combining alcohol with Temazepam increases the risk of alcohol poisoning.

If a person overdoses, they should be immediately taken to the closest hospital. If the patient is conscious, vomiting should be mechanically induced. The benefit of dialysis for people undergoing benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome has yet to be determined.

Adverse Reactions include

  • Weakness
  • Anorexia
  • Depression
  • Lack of concentration
  • Vertigo
  • Tremor


Those who suffer from Temazepam addiction can seek a detox facility where they are safely monitored by medical professionals. Treatment facilities, that aid people with addictions to other benzodizepine, such as Xanax, may help with long-term abstinence from Temazepam. To help locate a detox or treatment facility in your area please call (866) 206-8656.