There are several different types of antidepressants. If you are thinking about taking one, you should keep in mind there is more to lifting depression than just with drugs. These medications have proven to help many people with their depression; however, in some cases, they can cause serious side effects and bizarre behavior, which may increase the feeling that there is something wrong with them.
The first thing you should do is to seek a therapist who will provide good cognitive-behavioral therapy. He may be able to tell you if it’s something you are doing that may be worsening the depression. He can also give you strategies to help you cope with the depression at the onset.
Types of Antidepressants
Following are different types of antidepressants:
Selective-Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors – are a family of antidepressants considered to be the current standard of drug treatment.
Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) are a newer form of antidepressant that if one decides to discontinue, they may need to taper off the medication slowly.
Noradrenergic and Specific Serotonergic Antidepressants (NASSAs) are a newer class of antidepressant.
Norepinephrine (noradrenaline) Reuptake Inhibitors (NRIs) – have proven to help with concentration and motivation; however, in some cases, the patient may become aggressive.
Norepinephrine-dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors – inhibit the neuronal reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine.
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) are the oldest types of antidepressants and are not as commonly used because there are safer and more effective drugs available; however, in some instances of severe depression, TCA’s may still be prescribed.
If other medications are ineffective, Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI’s) may be used. There is a higher chance of dangerous side effects with this type of antidepressant and certain types of food being consumed at the same time. Because of that reason, MAOIs are rarely used anymore without a strict diet.
These are drugs that are used in addition to an antidepressant because the combination of the two drugs is more effective in treating that specific person’s situation. Some types of augmenter drugs may be:
Choosing The Right Antidepressant
Several factors play a role in choosing an antidepressant. Tolerability is amongst the top factor. Since many antidepressants are equally effective in curing depression, increasing emphasis has been placed on classifying antidepressants with short and long-lasting side effects.
This is especially true for dizziness and weight gain, which can affect a person’s life and cause early treatment.
Antidepressants should not be used alone to treat depression but in combination with psychotherapy, therapies, support programs, and treatment for dual diagnosis for better results.