What is Fentanyl?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate prescribed to treat severe pain. Fentanyl is prescribed to people who have chronic pain that already have a tolerance built up for opiates. It acts in the same way as morphine and heroin do in relation to how it is metabolized. It is much stronger than morphine and can cause physical dependence more rapidly. The strength of this medication is what makes it dangerous and addictive.
Some forms and brands of this drug include:
- Duragesic: Helps to treats moderate as well as severe pain
- Subsys: Helps to breakthrough cancer pain
- Sublimaze: Relieves a person of pain before and after a surgery
- Actiq: It is also quick pain-reliever
- Lazanda: Nasal spray used by cancer patients to treat pain
- Abstral: Dissolvable tablet to cure pain
Causes of Fentanyl Addiction
Habitual use of Fentanyl, even when taking it as prescribed, can lead to an addiction. In most cases, addiction results in habitual misuse of the medication. Fentanyl, when abused, can produce an opiate-like high.
People who become addicted to the drug, often experience failed attempts to control or decrease their use. Their lives will slowly become devoted to finding the next dose of the drug and this devotion typically stems from their physical dependence.
Symptoms of Fentanyl Addiction
A person addicted to Fentanyl will experience the standard opiate withdrawal symptoms related to abstinence after prolonged use. Symptoms include:
- Cold sweats
- Slow Breathing
- Muscle spasms
- Runny nose
During times of withdrawal, a person may appear to have the flu. Symptoms of an active addiction can be difficult to identify. Things a person should look for are:
- Small pupils
- Constant itching
Things that a person used to receive pleasure from such as family or sports, will take a backseat to their addiction.
Fentanyl Addiction Consequences and Solutions
Consequences of Fentanyl abuse are of a serious variety, and are common amongst addicts. Inappropriate use of a prescribed medication can result in legal troubles and possession of this controlled substance without a prescription holds even greater legal consequences. Other than legal aspects of addiction, physical and mental health may be affected.
When abusing powerful drugs, the risk of overdose always exists. Solutions to an addiction to Fentanyl should be discussed with a professional in the field of drug addiction. In most cases, an intervention is a proper and necessary first step towards a long-term solution.
Correct information and an objective opinion from a professional are always recommended before any action is taken. Addiction is a life altering disease with many destructive tendencies and should be handled with the utmost care.
Detoxification from Fentynal should be done in a safe environment, with medical professionals present. Although detoxification from opiates is rarely fatal, the aforementioned precautions are necessary. Researching detoxification and rehabilitation centers is recommended prior to making a decision.
Withdrawal is usually an unpleasant experience that should be made as comfortable as possible. In today’s world, there a various ways to recover from a seemingly hopeless addiction and the necessary information is readily available.