Substance abuse, also referred to as drug abuse, is when a person misuses a substance for pleasure seeking versus medical or recreational reasons. Prescription drugs, psychoactive drugs, stimulants, alcohol and many other mind or mood altering drugs are commonly abused. Substance abuse generally leads to a powerful and unmanageable addiction that can progressively destroy the life of the user. Research has found that many substance abusers and drug addictions are rooted from a psychological malady. Addressing both the substance abuse and behavioral disorder issues are often a vital integration of a substance abuse recovery program.
Substance Abuse and Drug Addiction
Substance abuse and drug addiction affects the lives of the user and their loved ones emotionally, financially, and physically. The almost irreparable damage that happens puts a startling level of severity on the issues relating to addiction. Addiction can lead to crimes, severe health issues, mental disorders and even fatality.
Commonly Abused Substances Include:
- Alcohol: Alcohol abuse and alcoholism can be one of the hardest addictions to identify because of its high level of acceptance in society
- Amphetamines: Methamphetamines (Meth), MDMA (Ecstasy), Ephedrine, Adderall are all types of Amphetamines that are commonly abused.
- Barbiturates: Mild sedatives, commonly used as sleeping medications such as Amytal, Nembutal, and Seconal cause a relaxed and mild euphoric feeling.
- Benzodiazepines: Highly sedative depressents. Benzo’s include Xanax, Ativan, Librium, and Valium. Benzo’s have also been referred to as “date rape” drugs.
- Cocaine: A stimulant drug that can be snorted or freebased and smoked in the form of “Crack”
- Opioids: Opium based drugs that rapidly develop into an addiction include a wide range of prescription painkillers and heroin.
- Marijuana: A constantly abused substance containing the chemical THC, the continuously evolving forms of marijuana as well as its popularity and social acceptance make it difficult to identify the recreational, medical or abuse of the drug.
All forms of substance abuse directly affect social, financial, mental and health aspects of the abusers life. The inability to identify abuse or addiction can enable the progression to addiction. As addiction progresses the will and ability to remain abstinent becomes weaker. Many substances develop a physical and mental dependency, which is accompanied by numerous withdrawal symptoms.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is an agency that’s primary goal is to address the global issue of substance abuse and behavioral disorders and advance treatment and prevention. They estimate that roughly 20 million people annually need substance abuse treatment and do not receive it, this relative to the lack of the finance and support by the health care systems, government and communities.
Substance Abuse and Behavioral Treatment
The necessity for substance abuse recovery programs is high on a global level. This is a growing awareness that has improved over the years because of the involvement of support and research from communities, the government and agency’s like SAMHSA. Addiction treatment centers are sprouting nationwide such as methadone clinics, detox clinics, inpatient and outpatient treatment centers focusing on a wide range of substance abuse and behavioral disorder treatment. Recovery is possible.