Depression, or major depressive disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by an all-encompassing low mood characterized by low self-esteem, and by loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities. Major depression is a disabling condition which adversely affects a person's family, work or social life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. In the United States, clinical depression affects 15-18% of Americans. It is a brain disorder characterized by a deregulation of the neurotransmitters- the chemical messengers used by the brain to produce feelings, moods, and emotions.
The nature and causes of depression are not entirely known. The biopsychosocial model proposes that biological, psychological, and social factors all play a role in causing depression. The diathesis-stress model specifies that depression results when a preexisting vulnerability, or diathesis, is activated by stressful life events. The preexisting vulnerability can be either genetic, implying an interaction between nature and nurture, or schematic, resulting from views of the world learned in childhood.
Typically, patients are treated with antidepressant medication and in many cases receive psychotherapy or counseling. For those needing extensive help for depression or depression support, treatment centers are available. Patients unable to help themselves, such as those exhibiting signs of self-neglect or a significant harm to themselves or others, may need help to get them appropriate treatment. Supporting their recovery and reassuring them that with help, they will feel better can spark the recovery process.
Residential treatment centers have expertise in treating all types of depression. Depression often coexists with other diagnoses, such as alcoholism, drug abuse, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, trauma, sexual compulsivity, or chronic pain.
There are different types of inpatient treatment centers: hospitals for 24-hour care, facilities with partial or daytime hospitalization, and residential treatment facilities. A complete treatment plan has to take into consideration that depression can be caused my physical, emotional, and social problems.
Depression treatment centers recognize that medications alone do not effectively treat depression. In addition to medication, a number of treatment approaches are integrated, including individual therapy, group therapy, family therapy, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training, as well as Integrative Therapies such as massage therapy, acupuncture, Somatic Experiencing, yoga, and Zero Balancing. Combining these therapeutic interventions provides the most comprehensive, effective treatment for depression.
Depression treatment centers are for effective when patients bring the virtue of commitment to their treatment. Patients must work towards a distinct and well-understood goal. To understand depression treatment, knowledge of how depression actually is is necessary: how it works, how depression impacts its victims, what depression treatment does to fight it, and why it's so difficult to overcome. The treatment process has an energy-intensive nature, it is important that patients understand exactly what they're up against, what to expect, and see the importance of self-education. Most importantly, no depression treatment program can heal a depressed patient who isn't willing to help themselves.
Depression is a disease. It is not a choice or a function of individual will; no matter how they try, depression treatment patients can't simply decide to get healthy. Depression is both a physical and psychological phenomenon. Physically, chemical imbalances in the human brain can substantively impact the mood and thought patterns of depression victims. Psychologically, historical trauma and subconscious pathology can be equally destructive. Successful treatment addresses both facets of depression itself.
Treating depression requires a multifaceted, holistic approach that takes into account the whole person. Medications are used to re-regulate the depressed person's brain functioning. Individual and group therapy aids in identifying behavioral and attitudinal components of clinical
and can help patients lighten and stabilize their mood and develop more adaptive ways of managing thoughts and feelings. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), a psychotherapeutic approach aimed to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure, helps patients identify and challenge unhealthy or irrational beliefs that have caused emotional pain in the past. Grief groups, trauma therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) help lessen the emotional resonance of painful memories helping patients to explore and process the root causes of their depression.
Over time, depression can actually shrink key areas of the brain. Clinicians understand how certain exercise can trigger the release of chemicals that stimulate the growth of new brain tissue, addressing the physical side of depression. Also physical activity is key in optimizing the brain's ability to think clearly and produce happy, steady mood by releasing neurotransmitters and endorphins.
Depression victims who recover does not result into a reducible statistical term, it's a victory for the patient to discover a life of joy.
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