Vicodin is a pill commonly prescribed for pain, with the main active ingredient being hydrocodone
. Vicodin also contains smaller amounts of acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol. Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid
, partly derived from codeine. Used recreationally, it produces effects similar to those of other opioids, such as euphoria, sedation, and fatigue. As with other opioids, tolerance builds rapidly, and users must take larger and larger amounts to achieve a high. Vicodin overdose results in hydrocodone toxicity, which may cause respiratory depression, cold and clammy skin, coma, seizures, and cardiac arrest. Prescription drug abuse rates of drugs such as Vicodin have increased over the past decade, and are continuing to rise. This is especially true for teenagers, as prescription medications are easily acquired in their parents' medicine cabinet. Also, Vicodin may be perceived by some as a safe way to get high due to the legal status of the drug for medical use.
Many Vicodin addicts begin by using it as prescribed by their doctor. Taken in the correct dose, Vicodin is very useful as a painkiller. However, some people experience the mild opioid side effects at the prescribed dose, and are curious to try more. As tolerance builds, the user requires more to experience the same effects. The body quickly becomes dependent upon the Vicodin, and without the presence of it, the brain goes through withdrawals and cravings. Usually taken orally at first, some users move on to snort it and even inject it. The addiction is quick to build, and hard to beat. The withdrawal symptoms and heavy cravings cause high relapse rates among those who do not seek detox in a medical facility.
Vicodin Addiction Treatment
Detox is the first step of Vicodin addiction Treatment. Vicodin withdrawal is not life-threatening, but does cause extremely uncomfortable symptoms. Symptoms include but are not limited to nausea, vomiting, fever, restlessness, and insomnia. The discomfort of withdrawal often drives addicts to relapse, as they know it will ease the pain. During a Vicodin detox, the user is medically supervised by professionals in order to ensure the safety of the addict.
After detox, the best choice for Vicodin rehab is a residential treatment facility
. Residential treatment facilities offer the highest quality of care with the most structured environment. Clients reside at the the rehab facility, and undergo intensive therapy and counseling. After a period of time, usually thirty to ninety days, they complete the program. Upon completion, the addict comes to a big decision. There are outpatient treatment programs that offer a similar style of therapy and counseling, although the individual is allowed to live off-site. Some people choose to attend an outpatient clinic in order to continue the growth they have begun. Also, some people live in sober living houses, which is a house where newly sober people reside. They live there together and participate in sober activities together, with a house manager overlooking them. Sober living houses are a helpful part of Vicodin rehab because they allow the person to slowly grow accustomed to a sober lifestyle without being overwhelmed.