The psychosomatic theory that mental health can impact the human body and trigger physical symptoms is scientifically irrefutable. Proper mental health functioning is essential for overall well-being and health. It is also fundamental to self-esteem, learning, communication, thinking skills, decision-making and productivity.
The Effect of Mental Illness
Mental illness can inhibit individuals from overcoming obstacles in the private and professional areas of life. Mental health is an important concern for all segments of the population; mental illness does not discriminate, affecting individuals of all ages. Mental disorders are health conditions that may be as disabling and serious as physical diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Currently, one in five Americans is afflicted with a mental health condition or illness. An extensive range of mental health services and treatment options are available. Mental health help enables individuals with different types and degrees of emotional or mental illnesses to experience less pain and lead more productive lives.
Mental Health Services and Facilities
More than 3,000 mental health facilities and clinics currently operate in the United States. Mental health care is provided by professionals such as psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatrists, and psychiatric nurses who offer a wide variety of services.Common Mental Health Services Include:
- Psychiatric and medical evaluations
- Psychiatric emergency services
- Treatment of severe mental illnesses
- Treatment of behavioral problems
- Assertive community treatment (ACT)
- Medication prescription and management
- Psychological testing and assessment
- Employment support and assistance
- Family and marital therapy
- Psychiatric nursing services
- Inpatient treatment
- Residential Care
- Support groups
- Mental health education programs
- Substance abuse prevention programs
- Crisis intervention
- Supported living services
- Treatment of behavioral and emotional problems in children
- Outpatient treatment for adolescents, adults, and families
- Counseling (Couples, individual, group, family)
- Intensive mental health treatment for adolescents
- Family education and support
Community mental health services consist of supportive counseling, assistance with daily tasks and in building personal and family relationships. Family education, training, and consultation services are available to couples, family members, foster families and home providers, with classes aimed at promoting healthy change.
Clinical assessment services evaluate the client's needs, strengths, functioning and the gravity of their disability. Personalized treatment plans, which typically consist of medication monitoring and therapy, seek to alleviate the patient's distress, and facilitate emotional change. There are also crisis intervention services, which are usually intensive, time-limited and accessible to families and individuals undergoing an emotional, psychological or behavioral crisis. Common Mental Health Treatments Include:
The majority of mental health practitioners practice one of the following types of psychotherapy.Types of Psychotherapy Include:
- Supportive psychotherapy
- Interpersonal therapy
- Behavior therapy
- Psychodynamic psychotherapy
- Cognitive therapy
The public has access to several mental health resources by visiting the website of the United States Department of Mental Health
and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSA
), which features a National Mental Health Information Center.