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History of
Methamphetamine


Methamphetamine was founded on a group of shrubs or plants known as ephedra. All over the world you can find these plants but its main use for many thousands of years is in China, Pakistan, India and America. Methamphetamine or short term usage, Meth, is used to help treat asthma. The year of 1887, ephedrine (amphetamine) was first produced from the plant. Roughly six years later, methamphetamine was developed from ephedrine. In 1919 crystallized methamphetamine was first sought out from ephedrine using chemicals, iodine and red phosphorus. Surprisingly enough, Methamphetamine and amphetamine, had no real existence back in the day. Slowly but surely, they were used as an antidepressant and also as diet pills.


Jumping back in history, the Nazi leaders developed millions of doses of methamphetamine in tablets for their infantry, airmen, and sailors in World War II. Not only were the military getting a supply but the tablets called Pervitin were sold to the German public in 1938. With Pervitin being popular, over the counter meth became popular as well. When the soldiers ran out of supplies, they would write home to their loved ones and ask them to send out a shipment of speed.


World War II ended and the life of amphetamine had begun. It started to be manufactured, sold, and prescribed in the United States as well as the rest of the world. In the late 1950's to the early 60's, it was hard for the medical community to just ignore the number of professionals who turned into speed freaks, becomming hooked on Benzedrine and Dexedrine. Also, a new discovery that included Benzedrine inhalers could be cracked open, which inside was a piece of paper that was full of Benzedrine that could be swallowed for an extreme high. This later led to an increase in the American government control over amphetamines which then led to Americans producing their own amphetamines.


CRYSTAL METH 101


Crystal methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant. It is snorted, smoked or injected. Meth is very addictive and the most powerful of any other speed. This then makes it very attractive to anyone who is already into other forms of speed stimulants. This drug creates a rush that floods right to the brain with massive amounts of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that works with bodily movement, emotions and the sensation of pleasure and pain. Crystal meth users build up a tolerance over time. This lessens the natural high from the drug and requires the user to use more and more to achieve their desired high.


The long-term use of this drug affects the brain severely. It will take a lot longer for the brain to produce natural dopamine. Usually addicts of any sort have lower levels of dopamine receptors. The ability to feel happy, pleasure, or any kind of satisfaction is very limited because of the low dopamine receptors.


When taking meth, the user feels very upbeat, hyper or more alert. The heart races, sweat glands pick up a notch and breathing quickens. Also, the user may seem more talkative and excited but also when coming down the user can just be having a private conversation with themselves. Meth users typically have little to no appetite. To the addictive user, these effects may seem normal. One of the long term effects from meth use is tooth decay and loss of teeth (also known as meth mouth). Massive amounts of use can make users feel like they are going insane. After being up for a couple days or sometimes weeks, the user may see objects that are not real, situations that never happened, or people that are not really there.

SHORT TERM EFFECTS

1. Insomnia
2. Euphoria
3. Dilated pupils
4. Decreased fatigue
5. Increased activity
6. Increased attention
7. Increased respiration
8. No appetite
9. Diarrhea
10. Nausea
11. Irregular heart beat
12. Jaw clenching
13. Sexual climax problems
14. Tremors

LONG TERM EFFECTS

1. Psychosis and Paranoia
2. Hallucinations and delusion
3. Obsessive compulsive behavior
4. Damage to brain
5. Memory loss
6. Aggressive or violent behavior
7. Meth mouth
8. Anorexia
9. Mood instability




 

 
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